As turnaround season in the oil and gas world begins to rev up, Ameritube wanted to share this nice chart from Interplan Systems, a software company, that contrasts a project and a turnaround.  Oil refineries, chemical plants, and other organizations involved in a turnaround, are at times frankly searching for raw materials.  When those needs for Copper-Nickel 90/10 (C70600), C12200 DHP Copper, Copper-Nickel 70/30 (C71500), and C44300 Admiralty Brass arise, click here to reach out to Ameritube.

Project

still target

Turnaround

moving target

Usually well-defined scope, from:

  1. drawings
  2. specifications
  3. contracts
  4. permits, memos, etc.
Usually loosely defined scope, from:

  1. past turnaround experience
  2. inspection reports
  3. operations requests
  4. historical estimates
Scope is static. Few changes occur during execution. Scope is dynamic. Many changes occur as inspections are made.
Can be planned and scheduled well in advance of the project. Planning and scheduling cannot be finalized until the scope is approved, generally near the shutdown date.
Projects are organized around cost codes / commodities. Turnarounds are work order based.
Generally do not require safety permits to perform work. Turnaround work requires extensive permitting every shift.
Manpower staffing requirements usually do not change during project execution. Manpower staffing requirements change during execution due to scope fluctuations (from discovery work).
Project schedules can be updated either weekly or monthly. Turnaround schedules must be updated every shift, daily.
Projects measure time in days, weeks and months. Turnarounds measure time in hours or shifts.
Project scope is usually all mandatory. Turnaround scope is flexible. Usually a large percentage of work can be postponed to a later window of opportunity if necessary.
Project schedules are uncompressed. Schedule acceleration can be used to correct slippages in the critical path. Turnaround schedules are compressed. There may be little or no opportunity to correct the critical path by accelerating the schedule.

Source: Project Vs. Turnaround